Common Treatments for Injuries of the Foot & Ankle

Fortunately, there are many conservative treatment options available for foot or ankle pain due to injury. These might range from medication or therapy to orthotics. However, when these options have been exhausted and relief is not imminent, surgery can be an effective treatment to consider.

Ankle Arthroscopy

Ankle arthroscopy can be used to diagnose an ankle problem, perform surgery that repairs the problem or observe a disease. It enables your doctor to use a thin viewing instrument called an arthroscope to look inside the joint.

Heel Pain / Plantar Fasciitis Treatment

The majority of people with plantar fasciitis recover with conservative treatment such as pain relievers, therapy, night splints or orthotics. Your doctor may recommend steroid shots or extracorporeal shock wave therapy for more aggressive cases. In rare instances, foot surgery to detach the plantar fascia from the heel bone is needed.

Sprained Ankle Treatment

The severity of the injury will determine the course of treatment. Often pain relievers help manage the pain from an ankle sprain. You might also need to use a splint, ankle brace, walking boot or crutches. Therapy can help you regain your strength. Rarely, if a repair is needed, surgery could be an option.

Achilles Pain Treatment

Over-the-counter pain medications may be tried for Achilles pain, but if they aren't enough, your doctor might prescribe stronger medications. Physical therapy and exercise, along with orthotic devices, are other common treatment options. If these treatments do not produce the desired results, your doctor may recommend surgery to repair your Achilles tendon.

Ankle Fracture Treatment

Broken ankle treatment will vary, depending on the severity of the injury and which bone is broke. For minor fractures, immobilization may be an option where a cast is used so that the bone can knit back together. However, if the injury is severe, surgery may be necessary to insert pins, screws or plates into the bones to allow proper healing of the bones.